Visualize a cartoon of Charles Darwin as Hippocrates. It accompanies a book review in Science by Peter T. Ellison (Harvard).1 Ellison realizes that the mass of material doctors need to master is formidable, but thinks that “Evolutionary biology, however, is no longer an expendable topic in medical education.” The book is Principles of Evolutionary Medicine by Gluckman, Beedle, and Hanson (Oxford, 2009). Ellison had only minor gripes about the book. He was thrilled to see a new treatise on a topic he feels important. “In 2009, the 150th anniversary of the publication of On the Origin of Species, evolutionary biology is still trying to earn a place in medical education,” Ellison said. He was glad to see a book on this topic specifically designed as a medical school textbook, “and it succeeds brilliantly.” What, exactly, does Darwinism have to offer? Ellison summarized three parts of the book:Background: Part one introduces evolutionary theory “from ground zero to a sophisticated, contemporary level.” Topics discussed are life history, game theory, intragenomic conflict, and human evolution. “Side boxes present compelling examples drawn from current research literature that convey the excitement and relevance of research in human evolutionary biology,” Ellison said, but he did not cite any examples that would excite a doctor or encourage him to be a better help to patients.Explanation: Part two, Ellison said, includes four chapters that “showcase the power of evolutionary biology to organize and explain complex areas of human biology relevant to modern medicine.” These include sex, “an evolutionary understanding of reproductive physiology and the forces that have shaped it”; nutrition and metabolism, “topics particularly pertinent in a time of increasing obesity and prevalence of metabolic syndromes that also demonstrate the potential of an evolutionary perspective in forging a synthetic understanding of genetic, developmental, environmental, and behavioral risk factors”; defense, e.g., “the evolution of virulence, antibiotic resistance, immunization strategies, and autoimmune disease”; and human behavior, “including mental illness as well as the influence of lifestyle factors on human health and disease.” Again, though, Ellison did not explain why an evolutionary explanation is better than a design explanation when it comes to performing surgery.Understanding: Part three “presents a set of effective organizing principles for understanding the causes of human diseases from an evolutionary perspective.” Ellison says this section can help doctors “internalize and readily apply” what they have learned about evolution. He did not say how it would make their medical practice better. Medicine has apparently been advancing just fine without Darwin’s input. Ellison began his review with a puzzling anecdote. He noted that in 1870, Darwin’s Bulldog himself, Thomas Huxley, addressed medical students at University College London and yet did not mention evolution once. Huxley’s point was that medical schools need to cut out extraneous material, because students already have too much to learn. So if Darwin’s Bulldog did not include evolution as an essential element of medical education then, how can Ellison make the case that medical students need lessons in evolutionary theory now, with 140 years of additional complex material added to the curriculum? Most of the major discoveries in anatomy and physiology at the metabolic, cell and tissue level have been made since then. Ellison noted that a panel of deans and faculty from medical schools from around the world “endorsed the incorporation of evolutionary principles in medical curricula” last April, “And yet one can probably count on the digits of a three-toed sloth the number of medical schools currently offering such instruction.” Ellison did not comment on whether that illustrates the survival of the fittest.1. Peter T. Ellison, “Evolutionary Biology for Doctors,” Science, 4 September 2009: Vol. 325. no. 5945, p. 1207, DOI: 10.1126/science.1179152.The Darwin Party has been pushing this agenda for years (11/16/2002, 01/13/2003, 05/31/2004, 04/25/2007). Thankfully med schools aren’t buying it – at least in the free market. If government takes over medical care, Darwinism will undoubtedly become the central unifying theme of medicine, because it will justify eliminating the unfit to save costs. Darwinism is all about selfishness, costs and benefits. It is NOT about compassion and oaths to “do no harm.” If you would avoid a charlatan trying to fix an ailment you don’t have, then run for your life from a doctor wearing a Darwin fish. We don’t need the head of Darwin on the body of Hippocrates. We need the opposite.(Visited 5 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
From left: DED’s Jürgen Wilhelm, loveLife CEO Grace Matlhape, and Khanyisile Kweyama, Barloworld’s group executive for human resources and transformation, listen to a youngster relating his loveLifeexperience. (Image: Janine Erasmus) MEDIA CONTACTS• Fareed MohammedLoveLife public relationsTel +27 11 523 1000• Rebecca Morgan Barloworld media relationsTel +27 11 445 1333 USEFUL LINKS • LoveLife • Barloworld • Deutscher Entwicklungsdienst • Volunteer Service Enquiry Southern Africa RELATED ARTICLES• Loving life, fighting Aids • HIV-Aids in South Africa • Social development in South AfricaJanine ErasmusNational youth HIV prevention programme loveLife has signed a new partnership with the German Development Service (Deutscher Entwicklungsdienst or DED) and major South African corporate Barloworld.Lovelife’s new initiative named Connected! will be the main beneficiary of the partnership.Connected! is a strategy aimed at the thousands of young South Africans who possess leadership potential but have no chance to develop it.Barloworld has given a grant of US$120 000 (R1-million), to be spread over three years. DED will match the first year’s portion.DED director-general Jürgen Wilhelm, present at the signing with several other dignitaries, applauded the new initiative and the opportunities for development that it presented.“The DED believes that our support of innovative approaches to HIV prevention, such as this one, is key to halting the spread of the disease,” said Wilhelm. He added that the organisation was delighted to be able to contribute, through its association with loveLife, to this exciting new national strategy.Since it seeks to groom a new generation with a new outlook on life and renewed sense of responsibility, said Wilhelm, Connected! would serve as an example to the international community, especially within the Southern African region.Local innovatorsDr David Harrison, former loveLife CEO and now consultant and Connected! project manager, was confident that the initiative would fulfil its five-year goal of building bridges between mainstream South African society and the country’s poor communities.Explaining the three-part Connected! strategy, Harrison said the first step is the establishment of the network that will provide a platform for youth to make their ideas known. “Let their voices be heard, but in a way that is constructive and problem-solving, instead of just angry,” he commented.The second task is to change the mindsets of the youth so they see themselves less as recipients of public redress, and more as local innovators among their people.Lastly, the young innovators will be linked to opportunities. This, said Harrison, is what differentiates Connected! from a number of other leadership programmes, which often only benefit those who already have access to opportunities.“In this way they will show their peers that corruption and graft are not the only ways to get ahead,” said Harrison, “and that a risky lifestyle is simply not acceptable”.LoveLife CEO Grace Matlhape agreed, saying that many young people put themselves at risk not because they are ignorant, but because they feel they have little reason to protect themselves.“We hope to contribute to building leaders who will be inspired to work towards their dream, but will also serve the community and go on to find their place in the world,” said Matlhape.Breaking new groundConnected! will draw on youth who have participated in loveLife’s two volunteer leadership programmes, groundBREAKER and mpintshi (isiZulu, meaning friend), explained Harrison.GroundBREAKERs are the 18- to 25-year-olds who are already familiar with the loveLife mission and vision, have experience in mobilising their communities for good, and in many cases have become local leaders.To date, almost 10 000 youth have graduated from the one-year service programme.In addition, more than 20 000 youngsters between the ages of 12 and 25 have completed training as mpintshis, assisting their groundBREAKER team leader in implementing programmes in schools, clinics and community-based organisations.According to a 2008 survey conducted by Volunteer Service Enquiry Southern Africa, groundBREAKER graduates are powerful advocates for change, are tremendously positive about working with their communities, and often go on to hold leadership roles in community organisations.Furthermore, the survey revealed that groundBREAKERs have better prospects of education and employment. About 60% have found employment or started their own businesses. And almost 50% have enrolled in tertiary studies, compared with the national average of 30% of young people who study after matriculation.With careful nurturing, the partners believe, these will be the leaders of the future. By putting them in touch with an ever-growing country-wide network of similar-minded people, Connected! aims to encourage about 5 000 of these potential young leaders, located mainly in marginalised communities, to become public innovators.At the same time the programme will boost their management, analytical and innovation skills, giving them the tools to address pressing issues in their communities.Do you have queries or comments about this article? Contact Janine Erasmus at firstname.lastname@example.org.
20 December 2010Blessed with a beautiful coastline almost 3 000 kilometres long, South Africa is a watersports playground – and in 2010 the country’s watersport athletes shone in a variety of disciplines.Durban surfer Jordy Smith made the headlines for a brilliant year on the ASP World Tour which finished with him as runner-up to the legendary Kelly Slater for the world title.He delighted South African fans by winning back-to-back events in the country, capturing the Mr Price Pro and then the six-star-rated Billabong Pro at Jeffreys Bay, one of the world’s most revered surfing venues.In addition, he placed second in the Quiksilver Pro on Australia’s Gold Coast and was also runner-up in the Rip Curl Pro in Peniche, Portugal.By claiming second spot behind the 10-time world champion Slater, Smith relegated 2007 and 2009 ASP World Tour champion Mick Fanning to third place.Surfing in the snowIn April, Royden Bryson scored a superb victory in amazing conditions at the six-star-rated O’Neill Coldwater Classic in Thurso, Scotland. During the event there was the remarkable spectacle of surfers catching waves while snow fell about them.After claiming victory, Bryson commented: This was one crazy day. I’m not sure if I’ll ever get a chance to surf in the snow again! So, on top of winning, this makes it one very special day for me.”Big wave surfer Chris Bertish scored the biggest win of his career when he captured the Mavericks Surf Contest at Half Moon Bay in California.The conditions were epic, with waves estimated to be in excess of 40-feet high. There was even an incident where a monster wave knocked down a viewing platform, resulting in serious injuries to 13 people, including broken limbs.Bertish, though, gutsed out a tough win and remarked afterwards: I took the worst beating of my life out there.”Rider of the YearGrant “Twiggy” Baker, a winner of the Mavericks Surf Contest in 2006, and acknowledged as one of the world’s leading big wave chargers, was rewarded for his efforts at the Billabong XXL Big Wave Awards. He won the Ride of the Year and with it pocketed a cheque for $50 000.In November, both Bertish and Baker received invites to the most prestigious big wave event in the world, the 2010/11 Quiksilver in Memory of Eddie Aikau.It wasn’t just the younger generation of surfers that excelled, either. South Africa finished second in the 2010 ISA World Masters Surfing Championship at Santa Catalina in Panama, picking up three gold, one silver and two bronze medals.Cowes Week winAlso out on the oceans, in August, for just the second time in the 168-year history of Cowes Week, one of the largest and most prestigious sailing regattas in the world, a South African yacht, Jeraboam, won its class.Competing in the very competitive J-109 class, the team from the Royal Cape Yacht Club raced to an easy class victory with a race to spare.The Durban Surfski World Cup underlined South Africa’s status as a powerhouse of the surfski world, with Dawid Mocke outsprinting Matt Bouman to take victory. Mocke’s brother, Jasper, rounded out the podium places.South Africans also claimed all the podium places in the women’s event, with Nikki Mocke winning from Michele Eray and Michelle Eder.Swimming starsSouth African swimmers continued to prove themselves world class competitors, excelling in the Fina/Arena World Cup and the Commonwealth Games.They led South Africa’s medal push at the Commonwealth Games in Delhi, winning 16 of the 33 medals the country totalled. South Africa won 12 gold medals to finish fifth on the medal table and seven of those came from three swimmers.Natalie du Toit led the way with three victories: in the S9 50 and 100 metres freestyle, as well as in the 50 metres butterfly.Teenager Chad le Clos announced himself to the world with victories in the 200 metres butterfly and the 4 by 100 metres individual medley.Cameron van der Burgh, meanwhile, confirmed himself as the world’s fastest man in the breaststroke, taking victory in both the 50 metres and 100 metres against very strong opposition.Roland Schoeman, although not a winner in any event, deserves special mention. He won three medals to take his Commonwealth Games haul over the years to 11.South Africans also shone in long-distance events for the first time since Ryk Neethling, in the days before he turned his attention to shorter events: Wendy Trott won a silver medal in the women’s 800 freestyle and Heerden Herman picked up silver in the men’s 1 500 freestyle.Natalie du ToitNatalie du Toit also starred at the International Paralympic Committee’s Swimming World Championships in Eindhoven, Holland, by winning six gold medals, one silver and one bronze.Her long-time excellence was recognised when she was named the Laureus World Sportsperson of the Year with a Disability at a gala ceremony in Abu Dhabi in March.In South Africa, the Midmar Mile, which in 2009 had entered the Guinness World Records as the largest open water swimming event in the world, produced even more finishers in 2010, with over 14 200 swimmers making it compared to the 13 755 of the previous year.Hank McGregor wrote his name into the record books by winning the 228-kilometre long Berg River Canoe Marathon, regarded by some as the toughest canoe marathon in the world, for a record seventh time.On a sad note, the paddling community said goodbye to Dusi legend Graeme Pope-Ellis, who won the race an incredible 15 times in three different decades. He was tragically killed in a farming accident.Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo material
Read Next UPLB exempted from SEA Games class suspension Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Reprising his heroics in the finals last season where the Lions swept the Chiefs in two games, Bolick dished out a solid outing, finishing with 25 points on top of six rebounds as San Beda built an early lead and never looked back.“We were happy that we got this win to finish the first round with a win,” said San Beda coach Boyet Fernandez. “At least, we’re two games ahead of third-running JRU.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutThe Chiefs fell to 3-6.The Bombers picked up their fourth straight victory at the expense of the Mapua Cardinals, 68-59, in the first game. Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes01:31Go: Search for ‘perfect, honest man’ to lead PNP still on01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games JRU got a huge lift from guard Aaron Bordon, who had 17 points, but coach Vergel Meneses was hardly satisfied with the win against an undermanned Mapua team.“A win is a win, but the way we played, I’m not happy with it,” said Meneses. “They thought they can easily win against Mapua and Mapua gave them a hard time.”Jed Mendoza and Ervin Grospe added 12 and 11 points respectively for the Bombers, who struggled to put away the Cardinals in the endgame after a spate of turnovers.Mapua fell to its seventh straight defeat as it continued to miss top gun Andoy Estrella, starting forward Almel Orquina, and reserve big man Sean Magboo due to injuries.The Bombers notched their sixth win in nine games despite a quiet outing from Tey Teodoro, who only had seven points.ADVERTISEMENT Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa WATCH: Streetboys show off slick dance moves in Vhong Navarro’s wedding Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Robert Bolick took charge anew as San Beda turned last season’s finals rematch into a virtual workout, running roughshod on a listless Arellano squad, 95-70, Tuesday night to close out its NCAA first round on a high note at Filoil Flying V Centre in San Juan.Unforgiving on the defensive end, the Red Lions also found their stride in the second period as they coasted to another lopsided victory that extended their winning streak to seven matches and stay just a game behind leader Lyceum.ADVERTISEMENT LOOK: Venues for 2019 SEA Games Etheridge back with nat’l team LATEST STORIES Catriona Gray spends Thanksgiving by preparing meals for people with illnesses SEA Games in Calabarzon safe, secure – Solcom chief Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. MOST READ View comments
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Chelsea boss Sarri: Willian and Hudson-Odoi must stayby Paul Vegas9 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveChelsea boss Maurizio Sarri says Willian must stay after he proved the matchwinner against Newcastle.Willian is being linked with Barcelona.But Sarri says: “Willian, for us, is a very important player. As I said yesterday in the press conference, in my opinion he has to stay with us. He’s very important player, like Pedro.”Hudson-Odoi is becoming a very important player so with Eden like a striker today, we need wingers, so we need Pedro, Hudson-Odoi and Willian, of course. At this moment he’s a fundamental player.” TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
Donnarumma insists AC Milan players behind coach Giampaoloby Carlos Volcanoa month agoSend to a friendShare the loveAC Milan goalkeeper Gianluigi Donnarumma insists the players are behind coach Marco Giampaolo.Milan threw away the lead to lose 2-1 to Torino on Thursday night.“It’s a defeat that burns. It’s a dark day and I struggled to sleep last night,” Donnarumma told Sky Sport Italia.“Yesterday I saw the team give everything, I’m sorry for everyone, the fans included. We have to follow the Coach because we’re working well and we have great ideas on how to play. We must follow him.“Giampaolo’s a great Coach. I’m sorry because yesterday we had a great game and we didn’t deserve to lose.“We’re all with him. It’s normal to struggle a bit at the start with new ideas and new players, but we should continue to follow him. We’re all with him.“After the first goal, we fell apart. We need to improve on this. If we’d remained compact, we would’ve been able to take the win home.” About the authorCarlos VolcanoShare the loveHave your say
New Delhi: Out of 61 proposals sent to Delhi CEO office for clearance for carrying out work under various projects by various agencies, 47 did not have approval of the Screening Committee, the poll body said Tuesday. The Election Commission-constituted Screening Committee consists of chief secretary, secretary of the GAD (General Administration Department) and secretary of the administrative department for which proposal for clearance is submitted, the CEO office said in a statement. Also Read – After eight years, businessman arrested for kidnap & murder”It is categorically stated that all new projects or works will require prior permission of the Election Commission as per instructions under the Model Code of Conduct… shall be submitted to the EC through the CEO Office, duly approved by the Screening Committee, with a separate note of urgency as to why the proposal cannot wait till the election process is over,” it said. The letter dated March 30 also said in spite of such clear instructions repeatedly circulated, out of the 61 proposals received by the CEO Office till date, 47 were received without the approval of the Screening Committee. In case of a proposal on desilting by the South Delhi Municipal Corporation, the proposal was received by the CEO Office on March 20 and was sent back to the SDMC with an instruction to send it through the Screening Committee, it added.
After a 1-0 loss to Michigan State Friday, the Ohio State women’s soccer team will not win the program’s first regular season Big Ten championship. The Buckeyes entered the game hoping to clinch a share of the conference title with a victory, but their loss, coupled with Penn State’s 2-0 win Sunday, leaves them second in the league at season’s end. The Nittany Lions earned their 12th consecutive conference title and an automatic bid into the NCAA tournament. The Buckeyes, now 14-3-2 overall, should still receive an at-large bid, but might have lost any chance to play a home game to begin the tournament. The official brackets will be released during the NCAA Women’s Soccer Selection Show, which airs today at 8 p.m. on ESPNEWS.
What if?It is one of the most popular questions among sports fans. It allows us to ponder certain scenarios or outcomes involving our favorite sports, teams and players.With last week’s game against Purdue, people asked what if the Buckeyes had called a timeout after rebounding the Boilermaker’s missed free throw in the waning seconds?What if calling that timeout would have set up a better chance for Ohio State to tie the game and send it into overtime?This question has led me to think of another scenario that most of Buckeye land wished would have happened.What if Thad Matta’s recruits hadn’t bolted to the NBA after one year on campus?What if they had all stayed at least one more year?Why couldn’t Greg Oden, Mike Conley and Daequan Cook all return for their sophomore campaigns? The year before we saw a highly talented group of sophomores at Florida win a National Championship, only to announce to the country they were coming back to school to do it again.This was an Ohio State team that had just breezed through its Big Ten schedule on its way to a No. 1 seed and an NCAA Championship appearance.Imagine that core of players returning with Jamar Butler, Othello Hunter and then-highly touted incoming freshman Kosta Koufos.There is no doubt that this team would have won the National Championship and possibly finished with an undefeated season.One can wonder how many nights Thad Matta has cried himself to sleep, reflecting on the potential team he could have had if all three elite players decided to stay in school.Let’s break down the following two seasons.With Koufos staying for at least one more year, the Buckeyes would have had another dominant season in the post with BJ Mullens joining the team as the latest five-star recruit under Matta. Koufos would flourish with his outside game as Mullens and Dallas Lauderdale provided depth down low.This squad, which fell in the first round of the NCAA Tournament last year, would at worst make it the Sweet 16 in this “what if” reality.For this current season, OSU would most likely lose Koufos to the draft but would retain Mullens for another season. After showing flashes of potential in his freshman year, Mullens would flourish during his sophomore season by living up to his recruiting hype.This, coupled with the emergence of Evan Turner as a National Player of the Year candidate, would have instantly made Ohio State Big Ten favorites and a major Final Four contender.So if Matta’s major recruits had just stayed one more year, the basketball culture at Ohio State would be dramatically different. They would have produced a National Championship-caliber squad one season and have two other squads make possibly deep tournament runs. With another top-rated recruiting class also coming to Ohio State this fall, Matta would have created a basketball powerhouse that would be among the elites for several years.But as they say, hindsight is always 20/20.So, snapping back to reality, Matta has had to deal with five of his players leaving for the draft after one season. He still had success, winning the NIT in 2007 and reaching the NCAA Tournament in 2008.But even with his squad this season currently fielding a Top 10 ranking, we all sometimes find ourselves asking the same question.What if?