first_imgCan’t Pay Won’t Pay have called on people throughout the county to join the Bin The Bills protest in Letterkenny this Saturday 25th in support of the boycott of water charges. The public are being asked to assemble at Mr. Chippies at 2pm for a demonstration to the Market Square which will be addressed by Ruth Coppinger TD of the Anti Austerity Alliance.Anyone who has received a bill from Irish Water is asked to take it along so that as many bills as possible can be binned on the day in a public display of defiance, while those yet to receive their bills are asked to come along and show their support. Spokesperson Francis McCafferty said, “Bills have started to come through the doors across Donegal since last week and I have only just received mine in Letterkenny. I will be taking it along on Saturday to bin it with all the others. It will make a strong statement that we have no intention of paying a single cent to Irish Water.“We are paying already for water and will not be made to pay again. We are asking people to join the demonstration whether you have received your bill yet or not. The bigger the turnout the louder the statement we will make. If we want to see water charges abolished, we have got have got to go out and do it ourselves. We cannot leave it to the politicians.”“We believe that the boycott will be unstoppable. With tens of thousands of non-payers in the county, it will not be possible for the government to back up their threat to take us to court. The charges will prove to be uncollectable. There is little risk for people in not paying as no penalties will apply this side of the general election next year. Even then it will be a maximum of €60 added to a bill we have no intention of paying anyway. ”“This is now a weak government facing into it’s last year before an election. They will have neither the will nor ability to pursue unpaid charges and will leave it to the incoming government. We must therefore send a message to those now in opposition that we are determined to maintain our campaign and will not let them off the hook if they form part of the next government. The best way to ensure that is by keeping up the boycott. Don’t pay and try to convince as many others as possible also not to pay.” Saturday’s demonstration will be one of many around the country in recent weeks.Ruth Coppinger TD will address the march as she has played a leading role in the Non Payment Network.Other speakers will include Thomas Pringle TD and representatives of Right to Water and the Donegal Water Warriors.“We are asking everyone to bring their placards and banners (non party political only) and make the demonstration as lively and vibrant as possible. There is a growing feeling that we are winning this fight. One final big push on Saturday will bring us closer to that goal.” PEOPLE ASKED TO BRING WATER BILLS TO BE BINNED AT LETTERKENNY PROTEST was last modified: April 24th, 2015 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Ban The Bills protestdonegalletterkennylast_img read more

Cinematography Technique: Cutting Light and Creating Shadow

first_imgSometimes perfect scene lighting is accomplished by preventing your lights from doing their job. Step into the shadows and explore techniques for cutting light.Top image via ShutterstockRemember the two things that define cinematography — light and shadow — where you place the light and how you create the shadows, also known as contrast. — Shane Hurlbut, ASCIn literature, it can sometimes be important to read what the text is not saying, rather than what it is. This can be the same with lighting — shadows can give a scene extra depth. There are several tools you can use to help cut and stop light from reaching your subject. But first, why do you need to cut light? Why would you bring in a set of lights and then stop them doing their job? Well, take the following location for example.Image via Tresde — Architectural Visualization StudioHousehold light enters through the doorway and illuminates the room in a particular fashion. If you were to film in this location, the household lighting likely would not sufficiently and properly illuminate an actor sitting on the couch.You would need to replicate the lighting in a manner that mimics the household lighting, but also illuminates your talent. Placing a 650w Fresnel in the hallway and pointing it through the door isn’t going to have the same effect. The light would spill onto the floors and the ceiling in an unnatural fashion. To stop this from happening, the light would need to be cut/shaped through the use of flags.Contrast is one of the most important tools a cinematographer can employ. By having light spill everywhere, it will lower the contrast ratio and make the image appear flat.The EquipmentImage via B&HA flag is a flag. They come in all shapes and sizes. Some can be as small as a few feet. Some can be as large as a vehicle. A flag will, however, inherit a different name depending on what it is being used for.Topper: This a flag that is used to stop (or more appropriately, cut) the top of a light. You will find that toppers are primarily used to stop light spilling onto the ceiling and sometimes onto the background. You might have a 2K sweeping down onto your subject, but to keep the focus on your actor, your background needs to be darkened. Using a topper would isolate that light spill from the background. It’s also helpful to remove excess background light in which the boom operator is casting a shadow.Bottomer: This is a flag positioned to cut the bottom of a light in order to stop the light spilling onto the floor.Sider: A sider, as you might have guessed, is a flag positioned to cut the light from entering the side of a composition.Image via Lights Film SchoolOf course, these will be used in combination with each other. It’s common to see a behind-the-scenes photograph of a set clustered with flags. As a side note, a flag which has been specifically set up to stop lens flare is called a lenser.You might ask, what about barn doors — do they not direct and cut light? It’s an excellent point. However, because barn doors are close to the light source, they create a very soft cut; you wouldn’t be able to have a razor sharp cut in the light by just using barn doors. They are, though, perfect for when you need to feather the light across a subject and control the direction of a beam. (They also provide an extra security measure with protecting the lens if the light were to fall.)There is also a courtesy flag. This is a flag that has been specifically set up to remove the light glare from a crew member on set.Flags can come in all shapes and sizes with a variety of different names.You can acquire flags, fingers, dots, etc. Within different regions, there may be different names for the equipment. For example, a finger, which is a linear piece of fabric rather than rectangular, can also be called a blade or a cutter.Image via B&HYou can also cut light with the use of breakup patterns — the cucoloris and branchaloris. I know they sound like dinosaurs, but I’m sure you know the cucoloris by its more common name: a cookie. This tool simply cuts the light into a pattern formed by the design of the cookie. It will help create contrast within the light falloff, and also stop the light from looking like an artificial source. Here’s a cucoloris being used on the set of National Treasure.Image via DisneyBelow is the shot within the film.Image via DisneyCould you imagine the same shot without the actors being painted by shadows? It wouldn’t look natural; it would look artificial. You will find that the illusion of a breakup pattern will fall apart if you start to move the cookie. If you do want a moving breakup pattern, such as a tree branch, then you need a branchaloris, which is nothing more than a leafy branch placed in front of your light source. It can be manmade or a real branch taken (with permission) from a tree outside.Image: Setting up a branchaloris via Stephen David SmithAs long as it results in the light breaking up to form the shadow of foliage, you’ve succeeded in using a branchaloris. In the National Treasure example, the shadow cut is quite feathered. If you would prefer your pattern to be very distinct and sharp, move your cookie closer to the subject.Tips For Using FlagsWhen cutting light, you will get a cleaner shadow if your light source is hard rather than soft.Light from a Fresnel lamp will be easier to shape than light from a 1×1 LED panel.Try to align the flag with the center of the light fixture rather than the edge.For a sharper cut, move the flag farther away from the light source. For a graduated cut, move the flag closer to the light.The video below shows great use of flags in action. Be warned — although the video gives solid information, it does look like someone has accidentally applied a Warp Stabilizer to the timeline and not an individual shot!Got any additional tips for working with flags? Share them in the comments below!last_img read more

Rajasthan govt.’s bid to tackle child malnutrition

first_imgThe Congress government in Rajasthan is promoting the activities of the National Nutrition Mission (NNM) in a big way to tackle malnourishment among children and utilising the resources to ensure their health care and access to nutrition services.Deputy Chief Minister Sachin Pilot, who visited Bamor village in his Assembly constituency of Tonk earlier this week to attend an NNM programme, said the budgetary allocations would be spent in a transparent manner to achieve the targets of nutrition.Resource utilisationMr. Pilot said the government authorities and the public at large should work together for children’s nutrition through various activities, while an optimum utilisation of resources should be ensured to strengthen the institutions rendering child-centric services. He said about 40% of children below five years of age were malnourished in the country.Over the 240 Anganwadi centres in Tonk district will be strengthened by a private trust as part of the NNM activity for improving their services and steps will be taken for capacity building of Anganwadi workers and accredited social health activists.last_img read more